Monday, May 28, 2007

ORFTORFU at Nahr al-Bared

Well, this will be quick. Spot the difference.

1.

A militant group hostile to Israel, armed to the teeth and not under the orders or control of the Lebanese Army (or apparently subject to Lebanese law), whose presence was not just informally tolerated but subject to explicit arrangements by the host government despite the destabilising nature of such a group, finally does enough to provoke an attack on it.

The army goes in heavily, rains down artillery bombardments, hermetically seals and enters densely-populated civilian areas in armoured vehicles and fires pretty indiscriminately, fails to achieve any of its objectives, and causes the deaths of over 100 people on all sides in the space of 2 weeks, in an area the size of a small town.


2.

A militant group hostile to Israel, armed to the teeth and not under the orders or control of the Lebanese Army (or apparently subject to Lebanese law), whose presence was not just informally tolerated but subject to explicit arrangements by the host government despite the destabilising nature of such a group, finally does enough to provoke an attack on it.

The army goes in heavily, makes targeted air and artillery bombardments, enters densely-populated civilian areas on foot and advances house-to-house, having pre-warned the locals to leave, still fails to achieve any of its objectives. The conflict causes the deaths of over 1000 people on all sides in the space of 6 weeks, in an area the size of a small country.


The difference is that in the first scenario, the cause was a bank robbery and a couple of other local acts of thuggery, but the operation was carried out by an Arab government, whilst in the second, the cause was a barrage of rockets aimed at civilians in a neighbouring country, the response from which the world condemned as disproportionate, criminal etc.

The most telling quote (I am looking for the source so I paraphrase for the moment) was a Palestinian man inside Nahr al-Bared, who said something like "This is a terrible crime, they are murdering us by firing indiscriminately at the whole camp. At least when the Israelis attack us, they actually target their enemies."

If he gets it, why don't the media, the bloody NGOs etc? I say the media should either report this in the same terms, or just stay the hell away from the area altogether.

ORFTORFU.

Friday, May 18, 2007

Freedmanswife: an intro

We're going to try something a bit naughty here.

It's been ages since I actually tried to get a girlfriend, and as subscribers to Freedman's Private Life will know, there have been some ups and downs of late, which have left me feeling rather disconsolate. So I am asking you, dear reader, to help find Freedmanslife a Freedmanswife (see what I did there).

Having carefully read J-Date's terms, conditions and privacy policy, it seems that there is nothing wrong with cutting and pasting other people's profiles onto this site, provided I do not reproduce their images or other "personally identifiable information". Seeing as J-Date themselves mine profiles to ensure that there is none, so that people cannot circumvent their expensive membership system if they want to contact each other, all text-based content seems to be fair game.

So, I am going to start a regular column called "Freedmanswife", where I post up the most amusing or appropriate profile of a lady I find on J-Date, and you the reader can vote on whether I should pursue her. There are three levels of vote:

1. HEAVENS, NO! This is self-explanatory, usually because she munts like a certain previous blind date, or is extremely stupid, much like a certain previous blind date.

2. PROD HER! This permits me to use the J-Date gimmicks like sending a "flirt", checking her profile regularly, hot-listing her etc, so that she can see me and check back my profile. If she's bright and/or thorough, she'll find the cryptic clues that bring her to this blog.

3. BESHERT! If you feel this strongly, you will be asked to make a donation to Freedmanslife so that I can pay for a month's registration and make formal contact. You may also be sent the tab for any first date expenses or indeed legal claims arising.

Meanwhile, here is my own profile; any feedback welcome, as well as ideas on how to put in the cryptic clues on how to find me for free, and what to put on this site to ensure they contact me without having to tell all of you:


About Me

Boring, NW London accountant seeks dull JP into manicures and a conventional lifestyle in suburbia. Well, that got your attention. Actually I'm straightforward, entrepreneurial, intelligent, gourmand, witty, well-travelled, always challenging status quo, detest the NW London comfort zone, accessible yet sometimes deep and complex - how very Dawson's Creek! Overall so laid-back I'm lying down, totally honest (my name is "The Horrible Truth") - and fiercely loyal to friends and family. Lived in Buenos Aires, Paris and Edinburgh, spend 3-4 months a year in Tel Aviv, prepared to up sticks again at a moment's notice!


Relationships

My perfect first date:
Limo pickup to waiting Learjet, then I wake up. Then I drive you in my little silver Micra (sadly this part is not a dream) to a pleasant restaurant where we have a beautiful meal (we feed each other of course). The night ends drinking champagne in the private capsule of the London Eye that I presumptuously booked in advance. In the morning (!) I teach you to make fresh kedgeree. Recipe available on request, as is a ride in the silver Micra, even if you don't want to go on a date.

My ideal relationship:
Honest, realistic, intellectually and emotionally stimulating and challenging, not too clingy, and any prospective partner must have a willingness to hide our relationship from my mother.

My past relationships:
The need to balance my extremely rational mind with a willingness to sometimes just go with the feelings. Oh, and not trying so hard to understand people. That my strong and vocal opinions, coupled with my desire to find a financially-aware woman who doesn't like to waste cash, mean that I can save time by pointing you towards my blog (Freedmanslife) first, from which you can also locate me and save both of us the monthly fee, which we can spend on a lovely meal for two.

I am looking for a:
Willing to be very open-minded here. Keen to make new friends and expand social circle, see what happens from there. Intelligent, non-becky, open to new ideas, no pushover. Just please please don't be stupid or very left-wing, you must be able to spell, and you HAVE to like your food. So actually not so open-minded, more an exact fit. Huh.

Friday, May 11, 2007

Guest spot: Yoram Shifftan

Warning: this is a very long article, but it's a great resource with loads of reference links, so I thought it was worth reproducing in full...

WHY ISRAEL'S IMAGE KEEPS DETERIORATING

The National Brands Index (NBI) used the internet to poll people from 35 countries asking them to rank these 35 countries in "national competence" in six areas: Investment and Immigration, Exports, Culture and Heritage, People, Governance and Tourism. Israel ranked lowest. Israel has the worst public image of any country in the world. Only two of these countries, Turkey and Egypt, are Muslim, so presumably the Muslims weren't loading the deck. The results aren't in line with the fact that Israel has a very large number of foreign investments and high tourism. But who wants to be least liked in any index?[1] The general feeling here in Israel -- my own private poll -- is one of helplessness.

This comes at a time that Israel is steadily being forced to do something about Iran. Caroline Glick wrote this Friday in the Jerusalem Post that Israel should point out that Iran is preparing many bombs, not just the one for Israel.[2] Israel could also point out that the radioactivity of even a single bomb knows no boundaries. Nevertheless, Israel needs much sympathy if she is to persuade others to join in strong action against Iran.

So let us in this essay examine one aspect of why Israel's image keeps deteriorating: what keeps Israel from conducting effective PR?

If we try to extract the essence of the many situations in which Israel is criticized, including the famous letter to the Guardian in April 2002 that started the academic boycotts[3], the recent call in September 2006 by 61 Irish academics for a boycott[4] -- one reader sarcastically commented that 61 meant the boycotters had signed up every academic in Eire -- the various anti-Israel trade unions, some Protestant churches in England and America (which very obviously allowed themselves to be manipulated by lying Arab clerics)[5], public meeting, newspaper, radio and TV events that criticize Israel or call for academic, cultural and commercial boycotts against it, we note that this essence is transmitted by few recurring slogans:

  • "Israel is an occupier of Arab land"
  • "The settlements are illegal according to international law"
  • "Israel does not abide by international law and the resolutions of the United Nations"
  • "Israel is an apartheid racist state and it discriminates against its Arab citizens"

The slogans and the content behind them are not only false but they are the exact opposite of the objective truth. It would have been very easy to refute these false allegations yet this has not been done and is not being done by official Israel, whichever Israeli party is in power. Why?

There is a paradox. Ever since the Oslo process began in about 1992, Israel has been making concessions as never before, some of them even unilaterally, and the more concessions she makes, the more her image deteriorates.[6] Furthermore, whenever there is an atrocity committed against Israeli civilians, instead of sympathy, Israel's image deteriorates further in the court of European public opinion. When it seems that Israel's image cannot deteriorate further, there is a new poll to disprove this assumption, like the recent NBI one.

There are two reasons for this situation. The first is Israel's passivity, timidity and apologetics-based approach. But perhaps even more important is official Israel's insistence, since the Oslo process began, on ignoring the false allegations thrown at her. They used to say they did this in order to have a peace partner -- or at least to pretend to have a peace partner. No one any longer believes the Palestinian Arabs want to live in peace next to Israel. But the attitude of ignoring Arab lies and not rebutting them seems to have taken on a life of its own.

The objective observer is bound to conclude that Israel is not in a position to refute these (false) allegations because they are objectively true. The Israeli public is not aware that since the Oslo process began, there have been radical changes for the worse in the policy of Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA). These changes have been dictated from the very top of the Ministry (often against the wish of the lower levels). The Ministers of Foreign Affairs themselves and Prime Ministers have directed that Israel adopt a passive approach and not refute these poisonous false allegations that are thrown at Israel. Even when there are many public opportunities to do so.

Not only is there a deliberate policy of official Israel to conceal objectively true historical and legal facts -- which happen to be pro-Israel. Not only are Israeli diplomats forbidden by the very top of Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) to refute the false allegations thrown at Israel. Worse, in contradistinction to the sane practice of refutation that prevailed in Israel's MFA before the Oslo process began, often high-ranking functionaries of Israel's MFA and the Minister himself, will actively disseminate the anti-Israel untruths propagated by the Arabs and their friends.

As a result, the number of people in the world that know the true historical and legal facts decreases autocatalytically. The result is very grave for many reasons, including the loss of belief in the justice of the Jewish-Israeli cause by the Israelis and Jews themselves and the ensuing decreased motivation of Israelis and Jews to engage in Hasbara (PR). Moreover, the Arab terrorists and the terrorist infrastructure have gained confidence. Thanks to the propaganda that blesses any action they take to "regain their homeland," they are highly motivated to kill Israelis and Jews. It has to be stressed that this is not an intellectual exercise.

This self-inflicted Israeli failure to improve its image by immediate response using the actual facts is a direct and major cause of loss of Israeli and Jewish life and limb as well as resources.

The latest idea of Israel's MFA is to rebrand Israel's image by stressing Israel's achievements in science, music and culture and to highlight its historical and modern tourist attractions[7] is bound to fail as these achievements are irrelevant to the false allegations thrown at Israel. This latest -- and silliest -- campaign is merely another chapter in the policy of ignoring what the enemy is focussed on. But this campaign is probably less damaging than the sustained effort by Israel politicians and diplomats to negotiate and to proclaim they are willing to give away Israeli land for whatever sort of peace the Arabs are willing to give them. Any red-blooded American knows in his bones you don't give up land IF IT BELONGS TO YOU. So the more reasonable, the more concessionary the Israelis are, the more land they are willing to give away, the more they aid and abet the lies the Arabs have made the general public believe, namely, that the land doesn't really belong to the Jews, so it must, as the Arabs claim, belong to the "Palestinians." Contrariwise, the more Hamas, al Fatah, and the splinter group terrorists proclaim that they will do anything to regain ALL of Palestine, including Tel-Aviv and Jerusalem, the more they bolster the argument that the land is really theirs.

If you have taken somebody's country you cannot evade your guilt by being good in science or offering the sun in the winter. It is just like an individual blamed for theft or murder defending himself by saying that he is a good scientist. You have to REFER to the incriminatory allegation and try to refute it, if you can.

The major reason why Israel's brand is so low, and keeps deteriorating, in particular since Oslo is that Israel doesn't obey the first rule of thwarting bad publicity. When someone tries to tar you, you fight back immediately. Instead, for many reasons and for many years, Israel has been mute in the face of Arab anti-semitism. More seriously, she has allowed the local Arabs to assert that they are "Palestinians" and Israel is occupying their country, Palestine[8]

A major cause of this self-inflicted wound, this silence in the face of bombastic calumny, is the refusal of Israel's ministers of foreign affairs -- and this only since the Oslo process began -- to allow Israeli diplomats to talk about the FUNDAMENTALS of the conflict. When they are on international radio, TV and other such public forums, they often share the same platform with Arab-friendly representatives, who, -- all of them, whatever the subject -- will invariably hum their basic mantras, and sing in simple and sincere-sounding language the same refrains, in particular, the slogans about the "occupation", "the illegality of the settlements according to international law" and the accusation that "Israel is not complying with international law". But the Israeli representative will invariably ignore such major allegations about the occupation, the settlements and noncompliance with international law. Rarely will he refer to these allegations at all, and even when he does, he emits a statement that confirms the Israeli guilt of occupation. He says something like "the occupation will end when the terror will end". And does his unease at his enforced mealymouthedness make him seem even more guilty of occupying someone else's land? Israel's MFA no longer produces the same written material they did until 1992, when their publications contained fundamental facts that could also be used by the other advocate bodies, diaspora Jewish communities, youth movements and Christian Zionists.

If official Israel does not proclaim the fundamentals it is no wonder that Israel's image is the lowest in the world -- especially when we take into consideration the ever increasing number of lies propagated by Israel's enemies. The representative Jewish bodies in the diaspora have a tendency to align themselves with the local Israeli embassy. So if the material propagated by the embassy is weak and doesn't deal with the essentials, the local Jewish communities and other advocate bodies will be much less effective. And the proportion of people that know the true objective facts will decrease further.

There are many objectively true pro-Israel facts that official Israeli representatives mention very rarely, if indeed, they mention them at all. Why don't they talk about the Jewish refugees from Arab countries? These Jews had to flee persecution by the Arab governments. They fled in greater number than the Arab who left Israel at the dictate of their leaders. These Jews left large holdings and property behind. Fearing for their lives, they fled from countries where they had lived before the Arabs came to these countries. They were transported large distances into unfamiliar surroundings, whereas most "Palestinian refugees" moved just short distances within Palestine itself, and out of their own volition and despite Israel pleas for them to stay. Why don't these Israeli representatives discuss that in the 1940s, Arab politicians suggested an "exchange of population"; i.e. that Arab countries absorb Palestinian Arabs and Israel absorb Jews from Arab countries.[9] Israeli diplomats could have pointed out that half of this Arab-suggested 'exchange of population' -- Israel has absorbed Jews from Arab countries -- has already been carried out. But the counterpart -- moving the "Palestinian" Arabs to some part of the vastness of the land the Arabs occupy in the Middle East -- has not yet been carried out. In fact, still pursuing the dream that the Arabs can be persuaded from their avowed mission to destroy Israel, Israel has uprooted some of its own Jewish population.

In counteracting the absurd allegation that Israel is a South-Africa type of discriminatory regime, official Israel should be pointing out that the opposite is true: Israeli Arabs have more rights than duties as compared with Israelis Jews. For example, Israeli Arabs do not do compulsory military service of three years and then long and dangerous reserve duties every year. Yet they have the right to vote in the national level.[10] They have "affirmative discrimination" in that many of them enter the universities with substandard qualifications. If anything, the racial discrimination in Israel's academia is anti-Jew, not anti-Arab -- see for example Steven Plaut, "Anti-Jewish Apartheid Comes to Israeli Academia," in http://www.sullivan-county.com/x/anti_jew.htm. They evade paying taxes yet benefit from everything including National Insurance, and the law is not enforced with respect to them paying tax. Similarly they do much building even in pre-1967 Israel without permission. The authorities are quick to destroy Jewish buildings built without permission but they almost never destroy Arab illegal housing. This is completely unparalleled in other western democracies where there is a correlation between duties and rights. For example, Jews killed Jews as parts of the opposing armies in World War I (WWI). Israeli Arabs even refuse to do national service in their own communities and terrorize the few members of their community who raise the possibility.[11]

Why doesn't Israel make it known that the Arabs themselves write in their official documents in Arabic that they are part of the Arab nation and not a separate people? These documents include the Baath party founding documents[12] in Syria and Iraq and the various founding Palestinian Arab documents.[13] The Feisal-Weizmann 1919 agreement[14] refers only to two states that will be created out of the Middle Eastern part of the Ottoman Empire. There will be an "Arab State" and a Jewish state called "Palestine" (!) according to this agreement. It thus follows that by the Arab's own logic they deserve one state only since it is customary in the world that one nation deserves one state only. Israel should point out at every opportunity that we face an anomalous situation in which one nation has got not one but 22 states and 22 votes in the UN. At the same time this one nation that has got by far more than one state already, with vast surface area and natural resources, refuses to let the Jews have even one tiny state.

Present-day official Israel studiously avoids pointing out that until the middle sixties there was no claim on the part of the Palestinian Arabs themselves that they are a nation apart. Indeed, they have no specific history, culture, or language to bolster their claim that they are an nation apart,[15] and, until the PLO invented the Palestinian people in the early 1960s, they never claimed to be. In fact when Palestinian Arab leaders represented their communities in discussions with the British Mandate authorities, they kept emphasizing that they are not a nation apart but are only a part of the Arab nation, at most a part of greater Syria. Israel could have cited the multiple admissions by Palestinian Arab leaders themselves that the Palestinian national identity was invented as a fiction only for the sake of fighting the Zionist Jews (one famous such admission is is by the head of the PLO Military Operations Department, Zuhair Muhsin, to the Netherlands paper Trouw in 1977).[16]

Furthermore, Israel could have said that even if we allow the polite fiction that Palestinian Arabs are a separate nation, it is still the case that the local Arabs already have a state of their own. Until the Oslo process began, Israel's MFA saw it as one of its major mission to make the world aware there already is a Palestinian Arab state. It is called Jordan. Earlier, this part of the world had other names such Trans-Jordan, Eastern Palestine, Eastern Eretz Israel and it is four-fifths of the land area known, after WWI, as Mandated Palestine. And as knowledgeable people know, ALL of mandated Palestine was to become the Jewish State. Arab play with words and names and the Israeli diplomats don't contradict them. Their failure to point this out is just as serious a failure contributing to the deterioration of Israel's image as the failure to point out that there is already a Palestinian Arab state in existence.

Israel could have furthermore pointed out that this Palestinian state is not in Uganda or Madagascar but in Palestine. In fact Jordan occupies four-fifths of Palestine. Israel should have stressed and be stressing that according to many international agreements the whole of Palestine was reserved for a Jewish state.[17] One of the bodies that took this decision was the League of Nations, an organization of 52 states that preceded the United Nations. This was the most fundamental decision of this body of nations and this decision was referred to by this body as a "sacred trust of civilisation". The decision was arrived at on the basis of the historical and legal facts and the long and unique association of the Jewish people with Palestine. In the words of the League: "Whereas recognition has thereby been given to the historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine and to the grounds for reconstituting their national home in that country".[18]

As just one example of how much the captains of Israeli Hasbara (PR) today have become detached from true objective reality -- to distinguish from the approach of my-country-right-or-wrong -- is the behaviour of Israel's first president Dr Haim Weizmann. He would be called today a leftist, and was always to the left of the socialist, Ben Gurion. He was always stressing that Israel's true moral status will be determined by the way it treats the Arabs; he was always trying to please and not to antagonize the British.[19] But when he heard that Churchill was contemplating "to postpone or withhold" (to use the words of the later League's acquiescence to Winston Churchill's recommendation) in four-fifths of Palestine the application of the original League's decision to recreate the Jewish state in the whole of Palestine, he strongly appealed to Churchill[20] to reconsider this postponement of the Jewish state in four fifths of Palestine, i.e., in Eastern Palestine, in the area of today's Jordan. He said that a Jewish state in Western Palestine only (i.e., all the area west to the river Jordan which of course includes Judea, Samaria and Gaza[21]) will not be economically viable and the whole of Palestine is crucial for a Jewish state whereas Eastern Palestine is not really important for the Arabs since they anyhow have such vast areas according to the original League's decision.[22] He and other Jews did not succeed, but they tried. Today, even the remaining fifth of Palestine that we know as Israel and its territories seems to be too much for some Jews.

The representatives of official Israel should have said and should say on every public opportunity, which they never do, that the League's decision is explicit in that only Jews were granted with national political rights in Palestine and the decision calls on all the nations of the world to facilitate Jewish immigration to Palestine and to encourage the dense settlement by Jews in Palestine "on the lands, including State lands and waste lands not required for public purpose." The League's Palestine Mandate conveys the requirement of urgency in the accomplishment of this Jewish settlement. It makes it clear that these rights of the Jewish people are safeguarded in perpetuity. And indeed Israeli representatives should have never missed an opportunity to further stress that it is enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations that rights of nations obtained by virtue of a mandate of the League of Nations continue to be valid during the life of the United Nations. This principle of the 'Continuing Obligations of the Mandate' was further confirmed by the decisions of the of the International Court of Justice and applied in the case of South-West Africa (Namibia of today).[23]

Until 1948 there were Jewish settlements east of the green line. These included the four settlements of Gush Etzyon, Kefar Darom, Atarot, Neve Yaakov, Kalya, Beith Haarava, the Jewish quarters in Hebron and the old city of Jerusalem. A very easy way for Israeli diplomats to point out that in international law, Jewish rights and the obligation to settle Jews in Western Palestine are the same on both sides of the green line, as stressed by Professor Eugene Rostow, would have been to observe at every public opportunity that indeed there were Jewish settlements until 1948 on the eastern side of the green line until they were removed in 1948 or before by Arab aggression. This very existence of Jewish settlements east of the green line before 1948 is a proof of their legality since even the British, who were not friendly to Jewish settlement and immigration (in betrayal of their official obligation according to international law, which was to encourage Jewish immigration and settlement in Palestine), did not dare remove these settlements east of the green line. They knew that this would be the most glaring violation of international law and their own obligation as the Palestine Mandatory.

To argue otherwise would mean that the very Arab aggression, in 1948 or before, that caused the destruction of Jewish settlements east of the green line, caused these settlements to become illegal, which is of course absurd and illogical.[24]

Post-1967 Jewish settlements east of the green line should enjoy at least the same legitimacy as their pre-1948 precursors. In fact often the settlements reconstituted after 1967 were built in the same places as the pre-1948 settlements that were destroyed by the Arabs.

The whole Jewish settlement enterprise erected after 1967 enjoys multiple sources of legitimacy. Not only were the settlements built on public land, and not only they were built in the historical cradle of the Jewish people, and not only does it enjoy the legitimacy bestowed on it by the obligations of the Palestine Mandate of the League of nations, but it has the legitimacy that follows from Arab aggression that caused it to be removed 19 years earlier or before. Indeed in international law there is the cardinal principle of Ex iniuria non oriur ius, according to which it is forbidden to allow an aggressor state to benefit from the fruit of its aggression. There are many examples of the application of this principle. For example, Belgium still has a part of Germany that it obtained after WWI because of German aggression.[25] Trans-Jordan's and Egypt's invasion of Western Palestine in 1948 was such an aggression. This aggression alone would have allowed Israel to apply its sovereignty in all of Western Palestine.

It is because of these multiple sources of legality according to international law that all experts in international law agree that Israel has the right to annex and apply its sovereignty in all the territories that she acquired in her self-defence wars in 1948 and 1967 [26]

As I said, the main reason for the deterioration of Israel's image is the fact that its official representatives are forbidden (since the beginning of the Oslo process) "from the top" of the Israeli government, to deny in public the untruths thrown at her. These untruths, issued slogan-like by the Arabs and friends, whatever is the subject discussed, focus on the "occupation" and the "illegality of the settlements according to international law", a subject I dealt with above.

The third slogan thrown at Israel is that it "does not comply with international law and U.N. decisions" (see for example the recent declaration for boycott of Israel issued in the Irish Times by the 61 Irish academics). But here again the Arab argument is opposite to the truth. This is explained in detail by the great expert in international law, Professor Julius Stone, and this was the major reason he wrote his book and gave it the title Israel and Palestine: Assault on the Law of Nations. Everybody should read this book and spread the news of its existence. The title of this book is very significant in the context of refuting the argument that Israel does not comply with international law.

It is indeed an "Assault on the Law of Nations" to claim that Israel does not comply with international law. It is Israel who studiously complies with, and accepts UN recommendations, and it is the Arabs who reject all recommendations ever since and before 1948. It is the Arabs who systematically violate the agreements they do sign. For example, the Feisal-Weizmann 1919 agreement, duly signed by Arab and Jewish representatives, was never kept by the Arab side.

Indeed a major point of Professor Stone's book -- and it should be clearly and unequivocally proclaimed -- is that Israel's fundamental rights to mandated Palestine are in accordance with international law. In particular Israel's rights as enshrined in the charter of the UN. If the claims that Israel haters propagate -- that Israel does not fulfill UN resolutions and Israel does not abide by international law -- were true, this would mean that there are fundamental logical contradictions between the charter of the U.N. and its later resolutions, which is not the case. Even the U.N. with its hostile singling out of Israel cannot champion logical contradictions, and there are no logical contradictions in the set that includes the UN charter and the U.N. resolutions.

Arab spokesmen always state that Israel is not abiding with UN Resolutions. And there are many such resolutions. In fact, the UN -- given its large bloc of Arab member countries and their unrelenting hatred of the Jewish state -- has spent a disproportionate amount of its time, money and resources chastising the Jewish State and ignoring almost all other trouble spots around the globe. What these Arab spokesmen forget to mention is that these so-called "UN resolutions" with respect to the Arab-Israeli conflict have no legally binding power and are just recommendations. By their nature they become legally binding law only if both sides to the conflict accept them. One party cannot reject such a UN resolution (recommendation) and years later claim that the power of this resolution is binding even though it was the one who had rejected the recommendation in the first place. This has happened again and again. For example, consider the legal standing of resolution 181 (II) ("Partition Plan" of 1947). Prof. Stone devotes chapter 4 (pp. 59-66) to this question. He says that the Arab-friendly view that the General Assembly's Resolution 181 (II) remains in legal force "ignores the stark historical reality that the resolution never came into legal force at all. That resolution would have come into force if the parties concerned had accepted it. But it is well known that the Arab states not only rejected it, but committed armed aggression against it and against Israel, and thus wholly aborted it. They deliberately destroyed it, as it were in utero, before it entered the world of legal effectiveness."

Professor Stone pointed out that:

"[t]o attempt to show, ... that resolution 181 (II) 'remains' in force in 1981 is thus an undertaking even more miraculous than would be the revival of the dead. It is an attempt to give life to an entity that the Arab states had themselves aborted before it came to maturity and birth. To propose that Resolution 181(II) can be treated as if it has binding force in 1981, for the benefit of the same Arab states, who by their aggression destroyed it ab initio, also violates 'general principles of law,' such as those requiring claimants to equity to come 'with clean hands,' and forbidding a party who has unlawfully repudiated a transaction from holding the other party to terms that suit the later expediencies of the repudiating party."

In view of this irrefutable logic it is amazing that you see at times self-hating Jewish -- post-Zionist -- historians that write that it was in fact Israel that rejected Resolution 181 (II). They turn factual reality on its head.

Resolution 242 that was passed after the 6 days war and is a fundamental "UN resolution" (again, only a recommendation without legal binding power) yet many of the later UN resolutions (recommendations) are based on it and quote it. Again the same pattern of Arab falsification of the resolution repeats itself: first the history of the resolution is falsified and then it is claimed that Israel does not comply with it. Then academic and commercial boycotts as well as atrocities against Israeli and Jewish civilians are committed on the basis of this lie. Arab-friendly representatives keeps saying that resolution 242 calls for the retreat of Israel from all the "new" territories it returned to in the 1967 self-defence war. But this is again a lie. There were months of haggling in the UN, before the resolution was passed. The Soviets and the Arabs wanted a resolution recommending that Israel retreat from all the territories, but in the end they did not have their way. This has been confirmed again and again orally and in many writings, for example by the two main formulators of this resolution, the British lord Carrington (not a friend of Israel) and by the American, the Under-Secretary of State, Professor Eugene Rostow.[27] Rostow was earlier Dean of the Faculty of Law at Yale University.

Israel has already retreated from more than 90% of the territories. She has given Egypt land that was never Egyptian, and that Israel conquered in self-defence no less than three times (and was thus entitled to keep it many times over) in 1948, in 1956, and in 1967. Note too, that the resolution recommends that Israel give away only part of the "new" land. It also recommends that Israel gives away some of the land only in the context of total peace in the area, and even then it recommends that Israel retreats to borders that are recognized by all its neighbours and are compatible with its security requirements. We know that it was the American Chief of Staff who prepared the report for president Lyndon Johnson that spelled out the "recognized and secured borders" mentioned in the resolution to which Israel would retreat in the context of total and real peace. According to this expert, "secured borders" mean retaining not only the areas in Western Palestine and the Golan heights but a part of the Sinai peninsula (which Israel already gave away).

The reasons Israel's image keeps deteriorating is in part because its official representatives are deliberately forbidden by the heads of the Israeli government to mention in public the objectively true legal-historical facts. In addition to this active concealment of pro-Israeli facts by the top Israeli strata, the top of the Israeli government itself often propagates Arab untruths. Worse, it is the very people that are officially responsible to spread the basic facts of Israeli Hasbara (PR), as their counterparts indeed did in previous generations prior to Oslo, who now often propagate the enemy's lies. Thus an Israeli minister propagated the Arab lie that Israel had already taken 78% of Palestine and left for the "Palestinian Arab Nation" only 22% of Palestine. But the fact is that Judea, Samaria and Gaza are 22% of a fifth of Palestine (the part we call Israel) and not 22% of 100% of Palestine. Western Palestine is only fifth of Palestine. Jordan is four fifths of Palestine. The correct definition of Palestine is the one that appears in the Feisal-Weizmann agreement, the League of Nations documents, the United Nations documents, and in all the other many international agreements and documents referring to Palestine. But if you falsely define a fifth of Palestine as Palestine, you enhance Palestinian victimhood and Israeli guilt.

A senior official repeatedly said on a major radio program that the settlements are illegal according to international law and they do great damage to Israel's public relations and image, and that the faster we got rid of them the better. Promoting the expulsion of the Jews from Gush Katif and North Shomron and extolling the idea of a Palestinian State was contrary to the way MFA had argued pre-Oslo, when they correctly pointed out that "Jordan is Palestine". Handing Gaza over to the Arabs in the summer of 2005 has already proven disasterous. The army has already reported that the area of North Shomron is becoming like Lebanon and Gaza and that they have difficulty in controlling it and in collecting intelligence (exactly as was predicted). There are by now many, including by military experts, admissions that both retreats were a great mistake security-wise. But MFA hasn't changed their post-Oslo tune favoring a Palestinian state.

The functionaries of Israel's MFA before the Oslo process stressed the legality of the settlements and they put great effort into, and saw it as a major mission, to advance in the world the recognition that THERE IS ALREADY A PALESTINIAN ARAB STATE.[28]

In this context, Professor Stone has pointed out that "the cutting away in 1922 of four-fifths of the territory within which the Jewish national home was to be established in order to create the emirate of Transjordan, which later became the present state of Jordan...drastically reduced the already tiny allocation to the Jewish people's right of self-determination...Both Cisjordan and Transjordan made up historic Palestine" and "that the origins and present position of the Arab state of Jordan in Palestine rebut the very claim that the Palestinian people lack a homeland. Not only did the state of Jordan arise in Palestine over Jewish protest at the expense of the home allocated for the Jewish nation; it also inexorably became, by the same course of history, a Palestinian Arab state".

The self-defeating way that official Israel conducts itself is also seen from the following argument. According to all objectives analysts the "territories" are essential for Israel's security and in addition its leaders have no right to give them away since these territories were given by the community of nations to the Jewish people in perpetuity and no present generation can give it away on behalf of future generations. But assume one wants to overlook the illegality of giving away these territories and their importance for security reasons. Then how the present Israeli leaders expect to benefit from the appreciation of giving away the land, if they do not accompany this giving away with the stressing that Israel gives away as a gift something that is legally hers. After all, if you have stolen something and then you return it, this is not such a great act of benevolence that need to be rewarded as compared with giving a gift of something that belongs to you.

The turning of 'official Israel' against Israel is not limited to MFA. Unlike its pre-Oslo counterparts, post-Oslo Israel's judiciary system also parrots the enemy's untruths. For years hostile bodies, for example Amnesty International, have used the concepts (slogans) "Geneva Convention, IV, Article 49(6)" and "belligerent occupation" in order to label the "settlements" as illegal. Discourses 1 and 2 of Julius Stone's book (see also Footnote 23 below) are devoted to refuting this practice. Professor Stone explains the irrelevance of these slogans to the question of the legality of the "settlements". Their legality is based on other bases of international law which are independent of these concepts (slogans). For one enumeration of these "other bases of Israel's territorial entitlement," see his book, pp 168-169. He repeats that all international lawyers of standing agree that Israel is entitled to annex Judea, Samara and Gaza and to apply her sovereignty there if she is so minded. Before Oslo, Israel's Supreme Court, when faced with practical problems in the territories (for example, the Supreme Court would never allow the confiscation of private Arab land even for security reasons), invoked the above concepts but in a completely different context than the present Israel's Ministry of justice and Israel's Supreme Court. In order to deal with practical problems the court had to avail itself with items taken from a complex mix of international law and municipal law. And in these two discourses Stones uses them again and again as if ... For example (p. 173): "The court found that these required it to decide the case as if Israel were a belligerent occupant. This it did, reserving all other questions of international law affecting the territorial title of Israel". There is here some analogy to the Americans bestowing on the prisoners of Guantanamo Bay some of the benefits of the Geneva Convention without regarding them as prisoners of war according to this Convention. Stone very clearly rejects the claim that because Israel's Supreme Court used the concept of "belligerent occupation", therefore the settlements are illegal in international law. He states that this argument is "legally incorrect in important respects" (p.175). Yet the present generation of Israel's Supreme Court uses this out-of-context claim. In fact it went so far as to base the uprootings in Gaza and North Shomron on the basis of 'belligerent occupation' (apart from one dissenting Supreme Court judge, Edmond Levy, who acted in line with the previous generations of Supreme Court judges). In adopting this false position -- the position of Israel's enemies -- in a manner akin to MFA's new post-Oslo practice, it turned international law on its head.

Once the fundamentals are brought into the conscious of the world, many other relatively minor criticisms of Israel -- such as the issue of the fence -- lose their power. It is clear that since Israel is entitled to annex and apply its sovereignty anywhere in Western Palestine, it can build a fence wherever she choose to.

The issue of the fence and the checkpoints are a clear reflection of one-sided anti-Semitism but they are taken seriously because they are said to disrupt Palestinian life. Implicit in this criticism is the assumption that the convenience of Palestinians is more important than the lives of Israelis.

Here too the accepted asymmetry of who carries the burden is the reverse of the true one. The unpleasant and costly burden to maintain a fence and checkpoints is non-existent on the Arab side because no Jew will attack Arabs. But in a properly-run informational system, this would be pointed out explicitly. Furthermore, the burden of maintaining checks at the entrance to every mall, every school and every public institution does not exist on the Arab side. No Jew would come and shoot at Arab shoppers or set off explosives laced with rat poison near school children in Arab towns. Every Arab can walk safely in Tel Aviv but the Jews are under attack in neighboring Jaffa.[29] An Israeli, in the Palestinian Arab town of Nablus will be lucky to get away with his life, but most probably he would be lynched and cut into bloody pieces as the unlucky Jews were in Ramallah.[30] Arabs can express their political opinions in all the coffee houses in all the towns of Israel. Can you imagine one Jew doing so in any Arab town in any Arab country? Thousands of Israeli Arabs and Arabs from other Arab countries are given at any one time the best medical treatment available in Israeli hospitals. Can you imagine a single Jew given such a treatment in any Arab town in the world? In Arab countries Jews cannot by law enter into the country. They are certainly not allowed to build a synagogue. Even in Jordan that is formally at peace with Israel, it is punishable by death to sell land to Jews. Yet the liberal academics of this world single out Israel as the racist apartheid state. Even when the situation is so appalling, there is no ducking it or whitewashing it -- as in Sudan, for example -- they have never suggested an academic boycott on Sudan because of Darfour.

In order to point out that the accepted asymmetries are Orwellian inversions of the true asymmetries, one need to break with the culture of passivity and self-depreciation that has been cultivated by the Israeli elite since the Oslo process began. This attitude has been encouraged and often financed by external agents hostile to Jewish national existence.

Internally, Israel needs systematic reform. Its waning but still influential Marxist left can take advantage of Israel's election system where the voters vote for political parties, not for local representatives. The education system does not encourage patriotism.[31]. Much of the media, the army, the police and the MFA are not acting in Israel's best interest, but in accordance with the ideology of those who control these groups.

So the failure of Israeli diplomats since Oslo is only one facet of the general atmosphere. Self-depreciation and the absence of self-assertion go to absurd levels. Israeli diplomats were persistently grilled on the BBC because of collateral damage caused by targeted military activities. It was suggested to these Israeli diplomats that they point out that 630000 German civilians were deliberately killed by allied bombing in World War II. Unlike Israeli action which always warn civilians, the British WWII bombings were without prior warnings.

It was suggested that these Israeli worthies mention the destruction of Arab villages by the British airforce during the suppression of the Arab rebellion and the use of nuclear weapon in WWII just to save allies soldiers' lives and shorten the war. It was suggested they point out the more recent death of many civilians in ex-Yugaslavia, in Afghanistan and in Iraq by NATO bombing from the safety of high altitude. These Israeli diplomats rejected these suggestions. Why? They asserted that the MFA would not accept such rebuttals for fear of offending the British.

With mentality like that, Israel's image will only keep deteriorating.

End Notes

[1.] "Survey: Israel worst brand name in the world," Israel Today,
http://www.israeltoday.co.il/default.aspx?tabid=178&nid=10395

[2.] Caroline Glick, "Wake Up, People!" Jerusalem Post,
www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid= 1164881847667&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull

[3.] Bernice Lipkin, "The Unenviable Fate of Israeli Leftists", Think-Israel, http://www.think-israel.org/leftists.html

[4.] Haviv Rettig, "Irish academics call to boycott Israel Eire academics," Jerusalem Post, Sep. 24, 2006
www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename= JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull&cid=1159125862229

[5.] See for example, Alyssa Lappen, "Racist Road Show,"
http://www.think-israel.org/lappen.sabeel.html; Dexter Van Zile, "The Sabeel Center's One-State Agenda,
http://www.think-israel.org/vanzile.sabeel2.html; Dory Elliott, "An Anglican Response to the APJN Report,"
http://www.think-israel.org/elliott.anglican.html; and Annie Cohen, "From Churches, a Challenge to Israeli Policies,"
http://www.think-israel.org/dec04bloged.html#dec04.249,

[6.] Evelyn Gordon, "Israel's Image - Why The All-Time Low?" May-June 2006,
http://www.think-israel.org/gordon.israelsimage.html

[7.] Naomi Ragen, "The New, Fun Israel," November 6, 2006,
http://www.think-israel.org/nov06bloged.html#nov06.43

[8.] For historical and geographic accuracy, read some of the articles cited in
http://www.think-israel.org/background.html

[9.] Rabbi Dr. Chaim Simons, "A Historical Survey of Proposals to Transfer Arabs from Palestine 1895 - 1947," September 1, 2004,
http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Senate/7854/transfer.html; and also Benny Morris, "A New Exodus for the Middle East?" The Guardian, October 3, 2002,
http://www.guardian.co.uk/israel/comment/0,10551,803417,00.html; Rachel Neuwirth, "A Win-Win Solution To The Arab-Israeli Conflict," July-August 2004,
http://www.think-israel.org/neuwirth.winwin.html

[10.] Yoram Shifftan, "If The Arabs Don't Serve In The Army, They Shouldn't Vote,"
http://www.think-israel.org/shifftan.voting.html

[11.] Note that we are not talking about the Druse community or many of the Bedouin, who serve in the army and are loyal to the State.

[12.] A description of the Baath Party and pan-Arabism can be found on the ForumFed website
http://64.233.161.104/custom?q=cache:AuZqqzq9-E8J:www.forumfed.org/publications/pdfs/
Constitutional-Options-Jan05-e.pdf+baath+party+founding+documents+ arabs+%22one+people%22&hl=en&gl=us&ct=clnk&cd=4

[13.] "The PLO Charter" can be found at
http://www.netaxs.com/~iris/plochart.htm

Netaxs has translated the Palestinian National Covenant, the official charter of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Netaxs.com states: "The text is the English version published officially by the PLO, unabridged and unedited. Note, however, that the PLO's translation sometimes deviates from the original Arabic so as to be more palatable to Western readers. For example, in Article 15, the Arabic is translated as 'the elimination of Zionism,' whereas the correct translation is 'the liquidation of the Zionist presence.' 'The Zionist presence' is a common Arabic euphemism for the State of Israel, so this clause in fact calls for the destruction of Israel, not just the end of Zionism."

"THE PALESTINIAN NATIONAL CHARTER:
Resolutions of the Palestine National Council, July 1-17, 1968
Text of the Charter:

Article 1: Palestine is the homeland of the Arab Palestinian people; it is an indivisible part of the Arab homeland, and the Palestinian people are an integral part of the Arab nation."

[14.] The Agreement between Emir Feisal and Dr. Weizmann of January 3, 1919 can be found at
http://www.mideastweb.org/feisweiz.htm; Julius Stone, pp 147-148.

Article 1 reads:
"The Arab State and Palestine in all their relations and undertakings shall be controlled by the most cordial goodwill and understanding, and to this end Arab and Jewish duly accredited agents shall be established and maintained in the respective territories."

[15.] Yashiko Sagamori, "Who are the Palestinians?" Think Israel, November 25, 2002,
http://www.think-israel.org/sagamori.html

[16.] See the Muhsin quote among the quotes at the top of the front page of Think-Israel.

[17.] Howard Grief "Legal Rights and Title of Sovereignty of the Jewish People To The Land Of Israel And Palestine Under International Law," Ariel Center for Policy Research, Policy Paper #147,
http://www.therightroadtopeace.com/infocenter/Heb/HowardGriefE.html or at
http://www.think-israel.org/grief.legalrights.html

[18.] "Modern History Sourcebook: League of Nations: The Mandate for Palestine," July 24, 1922,
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1922mandate.html

[19.] Lewis Lipkin, "The Loss Of East Palestine: British Perfidy, Jewish Infirmity of Purpose and Arab Intransigence," Think Israel, February 14, 2003,
http://www.think-israel.org/balfour1.html

[20.] Nam Dangoor, "The Cadre conference," The Scribe, Issue 33, April 1989,
http://www.dangoor.com/TheScribe33.pdf

[21.] The original international decisions included the Golan heights where there had been intensive Jewish life for millennia.

[22.] They have 99.9% of the Middle East. By analogue, if this were money, it would mean the Jews have a penny for every 10 dollars -- 1000 pennies -- the Arabs have.

[23.] Yoram Shifftan, "The Jewish Right To Live In Western Palestine: The Irrelevancy Of 'belligerent Occupation' and the 4th Geneva Convention," Think Israel, May-June 2005,
http://www.think-israel.org/shifftan.belligerentoccupation.html

[24.] Not that absurdity and illogicality are always enough to stop the Arabs from using what sounds like a strong point in their favor. TransJordan -- as Jordan was then known -- invaded the infant Jewish State in 1948 and conquered the eastern part of Jerusalem and the territories. They expelled or killed all the Jews living in eastern Jerusalem and invited Arabs from the neighboring countries to come and "squat" in Jewish-owned houses. They renamed Samaria and Judea -- names that go back thousands of years -- the "West Bank". In 1967, the Arabs again invaded Israel, but this time, when Israel took back the eastern part of Jerusalem, Samaria and Judea, the Arabs argued that eastern Jerusalem and the West Bank were Arab, because there were no Jews living there from 1949 on.

[25.] "The Versailles Treaty"
http://www.greatwar.nl/frames/default-treaty.html

[26.](for further details see Julius Stone, "Israel and Palestine: Assault on the Law of Nations.".

[27.] Eugene Rostow wrote two articles explaining Resolution 242; they appeared in The New Republic. They can be read at
http://www.think-israel.org/rostowNR.html

[28.] See also in this context the chapter in Julius Stone's book entitled "The Kingdom of Transjordan (Jordan) as a Palestinian Arab State", where it is made absolutely clear that the correct definition of the extent of "Palestine" in the legal world is the one we have been using in this essay.

[29.] "A Threat From Within", November 14, 2006,
www.omedia.org/Show_Article.asp?DynamicContentID=1921&MenuID=726&ThreadID=1014017

[30.] "Life and Death in the Jungle: Peace at Any Price?" Masada 2000,
http://www.masada2000.org/ramallah.html

[31.] In the latest example, Israel Education Minister Professor Yuli Tamir, who was a founding member of Peace Now, has unilaterally decided Israel's borders, at least in the textbooks Israeli children use. See "Priorities Of A Jewish Educator--The 'green Line' Versus The 'Mandate For Palestine',"
http://www.think-israel.org/dec06bloged.html#dec06.57


Dr. Yoram Shifftan has published many articles on Israeli hasbara, in publications such as Ha'aretz, Ma'ariv, Hatzofeh, Hamodia and Ha'Uma. His articles in Think-Israel have been on hasbara and the legal basis of Israel's ownership of Biblical Israel.

Monday, May 07, 2007

Winograd: enemy at the gates

Surely that should be Stalingrad... Similar idea, I guess.

Well, there were no really big surprises in the content of the recently-published Winograd Report, commissioned as it was by its main targets. They got a big ticking off, a slap on the wrist, and nothing stern enough to get them sacked. Still, I think the main achievement has been that the incompetents who took us into a war, and then screwed up its implementation, at least had the bottle to get some credible independent folk to review their performance.

Despite the monstrous incompetence in prosecuting the war, which unnecessarily cost lives on both sides as well as damaging Israel's international standing, further unbalancing an already unstable Lebanon, and failing to achieve its ostensible objectives, I think this says something positive about our country.

In fact, I notice a parallel with Lag B'Omer, a minor and obscure festival which occurs later this week. The story of why we celebrate it seems a bit vague - apparently the great Rabbi Akiva's students had been suffering from a mysterious disease, laid on them as a curse for failing to show respect to each other, and after 23,000 of them had died, it stopped on this day. Also it seems to be the day on which the great sage Shimon Bar Yochai died, but is a cause to celebrate his life. It was also the day of Shimon Bar Kochba's insurrection against the Romans being crushed, and some sources have it that the two Shimons were the same dude.

So why is Lag B'Omer a joyous day, given all this suffering? And what does this have in common with the Winograd Report?

My view on why both are uplifting moments in our history is that they represent times when we were undergoing suffering, trauma, isolation and sadness, partly of our own making, but in accepting painful closure, we also created the opportunity to move on and start afresh, having learned from our mistakes.

In this, we show we are stronger than those who (think they) have vanquished us. The enemy is at the gates, and we are all looking for someone to blame, but I think Winograd has the recriminations about right. It just remains to be seen whether Olmert, Peretz etc manage to stay the course and show they have learned from their mistakes, or fall on their swords in time-honoured biblical/Samurai fashion.

I could go on, but instead I shall open the floor to comments...

Wednesday, May 02, 2007

Oklahoma!

In the words of the owner of Hotel Webber in New York, nobody wants to read a 'then I did that, and then I saw this, and then I ate there' email or blog. So I guess he'd better skip to about halfway down this entry then...

So first things first. I flew into New York on American Airlines, and sat next to a cute British girl who turned out to have yiddische roots, and was on her way to spend 10 days working on a theatre project on 42nd Street.

We had a long chat and shared a cab into Manhattan - it was her first visit, and it's always wonderful to see the huge, childlike grin spreading on someone's face as the cab comes over the brow of the hill on the Queens-Midtown Expressway and that panorama suddenly unfolds before them.

And then we swapped numbers with a view to discussing some consulting work for a project in London, and I headed up to Doree's Broadway Bordello. Perhaps some of you have seen the ad for Yellow Pages where the guy brings a girl back to his flat and she screeches that the place has been robbed. He says "er, yes, I'd better call the police" and picks up the directory to search for cleaners...

After meeting the Madame of the establishment and her tousle-haired new bloke, with whom I swapped some saucy jokes and explained that the "nice musky perfume" I was wearing was actually the latest Eau de Boeing, he left and I went for a stroll with Madame in the park.

Later on, we went to a Yom HaZikaron commemoration (a bit downbeat but very moving), then the next morning I spring-cleaned her kitchen from top to bottom. This isn't a euphemism. The place was so skanky even the roaches were wrinkling their noses and scuttling next door for sustenance. I finally had a clean cup of tea without contracting gastro-enteritis, then headed out to Mid-town to see a very old friend for an iced mochaccino.

And then I walked all the way down 5th Ave from about 50th to Bowery and Grand, which is a VERY long walk, to join the aforementioned hotelier and madame for a Yom Ha'atzmaut extravaganza at the very chi-chi Capitale. Several large vodka-tonics later, I crawled back to the bordello, too far gone to even throw a shoe at the rat scuttling from under my bed as I flopped onto it.

The next morning, off to Oklahoma City via Dallas. With very bad weather forecast for Texas, I asked the folks at American Airlines to reroute me through Chicago to avoid major delays. I was told not to worry, nothing serious was forecast. Apparently "nothing serious" is an airline term for weather patterns so severe that Dallas-Fort Worth was completely shut to inbound traffic, forcing us to circle until we started running short of fuel, then dumping us on the tarmac in Shreveport, Louisiana for 4 hours.

After this hiccup, I picked up my hire car ("sorry sir, we're out of mid-size but would you like this 2-tonne 6 litre deluxe Pontiac Tank instead?"), and cruised down to the Super 8 Motel in Norman, Oklahoma. I had been forewarned by my travelling companions that the hotel was perhaps not as described by Orbitz in sending me there (swimming pool in an atrium that doubled as the lobby and entrance to the bedrooms, which were accordingly filled with recycled, humid, chlorinated air). One online reviewer pithily filled his comments box with the single word "snakes!" - this seemed quite apt, and hence I renamed the establishment Super Snake.

So, other than the work-related boring bits, what on earth did I get up to in Norman, Oklahoma? Firstly I gorged myself on ample portions of everything, as is the South-Western Way. Secondly I did what any self-respecting boy from NW London would do, and got talking to as many gorgeous local girls as possible.

On the first of our two nights out, I met and had my arse pinched by a pole-dancer on her evening off. On the second, I met and fell in love with a group of half a dozen sorority girls at OU.

Sadly they were all either "married to Jesus" or otherwise hooked up with local menfolk, alternative semi-deities or work commitments, but it was refreshing to meet such a lovely gaggle of smart, sophisticated, opinionated, confident, open, pleasant folk - quite the opposite of our frequent stereotype of the American Interior.

Also I found some time to appear on KWCO Radio (105.5, y'all), having met the wonderfully-named DJ Cody Sparks at the same time as having my chuddies cuddled by the dancer, and request All You Need Is Love as a tribute to the first British venturers to make it to Norman since the Great Gusher of 1898. Or so I thought, until I sat behind another Londoner on the plane out.

The return journey to New York was once again marred by American Airlines' refusal to let me fly via Chicago when I asked them to switch me as soon as they announced a "slight technical fault" on our Dallas-bound flight. They insisted it was a minor hitch that would be fixed soon. 3 hours and one plane taken totally out of service later, they routed me via Chicago, then lost my bags for a day and a half. Very unimpressive.

And then I was back in New York, staying at the Hotel Webber. I spent the time strolling in Central Park, eating far too well, and catching up with 2 dudes I met on the beach in Tel Aviv last year. OK, they were attracted by my companion Man-Vortex rather than by my amazing toned and tanned physique, but we stayed in touch.

The trip ended on an awesome high with the consumption of a plate of steak tartare and a stunning 10oz rib-eye at Le Marais, before blagging an upgrade on my flight home as recompense for the inconvenience caused by AA on my journey to that point.

Not much else to add except to concur with Mr Webber that long "and then I..." recollections of recent events are bloody tedious. I have fallen asleep at the keyboard 3 times writing this, so thanks for getting this far.

Tuesday, May 01, 2007

J-Date Terms

Well, you must be mighty pissed. Before you call in the lawyers, or get too bogged down in the blurb below, please note in particular:

- Privacy Statement clause 5, regarding personally identifiable information; none of which should have been on an accepted profile given J-Date's own criteria, hence I view this as not applicable to anything I may copy, unless you are in breach of their own rules.

- Proprietary Rights, regarding copyright, further clarified in clause 5 of Your Use of The Service; if you wish to assert that your profile contains copyrighted information that you do not wish to grant permission to be reproduced on this site, please inform me and I will remove it immediately (noting of course that your profile has been seen by far more people on J-Date itself than ever read this blog).

Naturally if you are still annoyed, I will remove your profile text right away. And yes, if you don't want to go out with a smug bastard anyway, it's probably for the best.



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You agree that we may use your information to contact you and to deliver information to you that, in some cases, is targeted to your interests, such as targeted banner advertisements, administrative notices, product offerings, and communications relevant to your use of the Websites. By accepting this Privacy Policy, you expressly agree to receive this information. If you do not wish to receive these communications, you may opt out of the receipt of certain communications. To learn how to do so, visit the Help section of the Websites or send us an email at Contact Us.

4. Our Disclosure of Your Information

Due to the regulatory environment in which we operate, we cannot ensure that all of your private communications and other personally identifiable information will never be disclosed in ways not otherwise described in this Privacy Policy. By way of example (without limiting any of the foregoing), we may be required to disclose information to the government, law enforcement agencies or third parties. Under certain circumstances, third parties may unlawfully intercept or access transmissions or private communications, or members may abuse or misuse your information that they collect from our Websites. Accordingly, although we use industry standard practices to protect your privacy, we do not promise, and you should not expect, that your personally identifiable information or private communications will always remain private.

As a matter of policy, we do not sell or rent any personally identifiable information about you to any third party. However, the following describes some of the ways that your personally identifiable information may be used or disclosed.

Financial Information. Under some circumstances we may require certain additional information, including but not limited to your credit card billing information. We use this financial information, including your name, address, and other information to bill you for use of our Services and products. By making a purchase, or engaging in any other kind of activity or transaction that uses financial information on the Websites, you consent to our providing of your financial information to our service providers and to such third parties as we determine necessary to support and process your activities and transactions, as well as to your credit card issuer for their purposes. These third parties may include the credit card companies and banking institutions used to process and support your transaction or activity. By purchasing, or registering for, or making reservations for products or services of third parties offered on the Websites, or by participating in programs offered on the Websites that are administered by third parties and that require you to submit financial information in order to use them, you also consent to our providing your financial information to those third parties. Any of these various third parties may be authorized to use your financial information in accordance with our contractual arrangements with such third parties and in accordance with their own privacy policies, over which we have no control, and you agree that we are not responsible or liable for any of their actions or omissions. Additionally, you agree that we may use and disclose all information submitted to such third parties in the same manner in which we are entitled to use and disclose any other information that you submit to us.

Advertisers. We aggregate (gather up data across multiple members' accounts) personally identifiable information and disclose such information in a non-personally identifiable manner to advertisers and other third parties for marketing and promotional purposes. However, in these situations, we do not disclose to these entities any information that could be used to identify you personally. Certain information, such as your name, email address, password, credit card number and bank account number, are never disclosed to marketing advertisers. We may use third-party advertising companies to serve ads on our behalf. These companies may employ cookies and action tags (also known as single pixel gifs or web beacons) to measure advertising effectiveness.

Other Corporate Entities. We share much of our data, including personally identifiable information about you, with our parent and/or subsidiaries that are committed to serving your online needs and related services, throughout the world. To the extent that these entities have access to your information, they will treat it at least as protectively as they treat information they obtain from their other members. Our parent and/or subsidiaries will follow privacy practices no less protective of all members than our practices described in this document, to the extent allowed by applicable law. It is possible that Spark Networks and/or its subsidiaries, or any combination of such, could merge with or be acquired by another business entity. Should such a combination occur, you should expect that Spark Networks would share some or all of your information in order to continue to provide the Service. You will receive notice of such event (to the extent it occurs) and we will require that the new combined entity follow the practices disclosed in this Privacy Policy, as it may be amended from time to time.

Legal Requests. Spark Networks cooperates with law enforcement inquiries, as well as other third parties to enforce laws, such as: intellectual property rights, fraud and other rights. We can (and you authorize us to) disclose any information about you to law enforcement and other government officials as we, in our sole discretion, believe necessary or appropriate, in connection with any investigation of fraud, intellectual property infringements, or other activity that is illegal or may expose us or you to legal liability.

5. Your Use of other Members Information

Our services also include access to instant messaging and chat rooms. As a member you have access to members' identification numbers and/or user names, and you might gain access to other contact information of other members through the regular use of the Services. By accepting this Privacy Policy, you agree that, with respect to other members' personally identifiable information that you obtain through the Services, Spark Networks hereby grants to you a license to use such information only for: (a) Spark Networks related communications that are not unsolicited commercial messages, and (b) any other purpose to which such member expressly agrees after complete disclosure of the purpose. In all cases, you must give members an opportunity to remove themselves from your database. In addition, under no circumstances, except as defined in this Privacy Policy, may you disclose personally identifiable information about another member to any third party without our consent and the consent of such other member after adequate disclosure. Spark Networks and our members do not tolerate spam. Therefore, without limiting the foregoing, you are not licensed to add a Spark Networks member to your mail list (email or physical mail) without their express consent after adequate disclosure. To report spam from other Spark Networks members, please Contact Us.

6. Accessing, Reviewing and Changing Your Profile

Following registration, you can review and change the information you submitted during registration. For instructions on how to do so, visit the Help section of the Websites. If you change your password and email address we will retain a record of your old password and email address. You can also change your registration information such as: name, address, city, state, zip code, country, phone number, profile, likes and dislikes, desired date profile, essays and saved search criteria.

Upon your notification, we will remove your membership from our active databases as soon as reasonably possible in accordance with our policy and applicable law. To learn how to hide or remove your profile so that others cannot view it, visit the Help section of the Websites.

We will retain in our files information you have requested be removed from our active databases for certain purposes, such as to resolve disputes, troubleshoot problems and enforce our terms and conditions. Further, such prior information may never be completely removed from our databases due to technical and legal constraints, including stored ‘back up' systems. Therefore, you should not expect that all of your personally identifiable information will be completely removed from our databases in response to any request you may submit.

7. Control of Your Password

You are responsible for all actions taken with your login information and password, including fees. Therefore we do not recommend that you disclose your Spark Networks password or login information to any third party. If you choose to share this information with any third party, you are responsible for all actions taken with your login information and password, and therefore should review each third party's privacy policy. If you lose control of your password, you may lose substantial control over your personally identifiable information and may be subject to legally binding actions taken on your behalf. Therefore, if your password has been compromised in any way, you should immediately change your password.

8. Other Information Collectors

Except as otherwise expressly described in this Privacy Policy, this document only addresses the use and disclosure of information we collect from you. To the extent that you disclose your information to other parties, whether they are on our Websites or on other sites throughout the Internet, different rules may apply to their use or disclosure of the information you disclose to them. To the extent that we use third party advertisers, they adhere to their own privacy policies. Since Spark Networks does not control the privacy policies of any third parties, you should investigate their policies before you disclose your personal information to them.

9. Security

Spark Networks uses industry standard practices, including "firewalls" and Secure Socket Layers, to safeguard the confidentiality of your personal identifiable information. Spark Networks treats data as an asset that must be protected against loss and unauthorized access. We employ many different security techniques to protect such data from unauthorized access by others inside and outside the company. However, "perfect security" does not exist on the Internet.

10. Notice

We may change this Privacy Policy from time to time based on changes in the law, your comments, or our need to accurately reflect our data collection and disclosure practices. We will notify you about significant changes in the way we treat personal information by sending you a notice via email or by placing a prominent notice on our Website.







Privacy Statement | Terms and Conditions of Service | Terms and Conditions of Purchase

Terms and Conditions of Service

This online personals service (the "Service") is a way for adults to meet each other. The Service is provided by Spark Networks plc, whose principal office is located at 8383 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 800, Beverly Hills, California 90211 ("Spark Networks").

This legal agreement ("Agreement") is made between You and Us. This Agreement, as it may be amended from time to time, applies to all users of any Spark Networks site, including but not limited to: AmericanSingles.com, Relationships.com, JDate.com, and BlackSingles.com (the "Websites")

You may not use the Service if you are under the age of 18 or you are not able to form legally binding contracts, or if your membership has been suspended by Us. Please read this Agreement carefully before registering for the Service. By registering for the Service, You become a Spark Networks member (a "Member"), and You agree to be bound by the terms and conditions of this Agreement for as long as You continue to be a Member. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE WITH THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS AGREEMENT, DO NOT REGISTER FOR THE SERVICE. THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS AGREEMENT ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE BY US AT ANY TIME, EFFECTIVE UPON NOTICE TO YOU, WHICH NOTICE SHALL BE DEEMED TO HAVE BEEN PROVIDED UPON OUR POSTING OF THE CURRENT VERSION OF THIS AGREEEMENT ON THE SERVICE.

In this Agreement the following terms have the following meanings unless the context requires otherwise:

"Agreement" means the agreement between You and Us incorporating these terms and conditions for the provision of the Service, as amended from time to time in the manner set forth herein;

"We, Us, Our" means Spark Networks plc; and

"You, Your, Yourself" means the person who registers for the Service, accepts the terms and conditions of this Agreement and whose application for membership of the Service is accepted by Us.

ELIGIBILITY: MINORS MAY NOT BECOME MEMBERS. By becoming a Member, You represent and warrant that You are at least 18 years old. By using the Service, You represent and warrant that You have the right, authority and capacity to enter into this Agreement and to abide by the terms and conditions of this Agreement. Your membership for the Service is for Your sole, personal use. You may not authorize others to use Your membership, and You may not assign or otherwise transfer Your account to any other person or entity.

REGISTRATION AND SUBSCRIPTION: Although You may register as a Member of the Service for free, if You wish to use the Service to initiate most communication with other members and use certain other elements of the Service, You must become a Subscriber and pay the fees that are set out in Our price list. This price list is part of this Agreement and We reserve the right, at any time, to change any fees or charges for using the Service. To become a Member, You must register for the Service. When and if You register to become a Member, You agree to provide accurate, current and complete information about Yourself as prompted by Our registration form ("Registration Data"), and to maintain and update Your information to keep it accurate, current and complete. You agree that We may rely on Your Registration Data as accurate, current and complete. You acknowledge that if Your Registration Data is untrue, inaccurate, not current or incomplete in any respect, We may terminate this Agreement and Your use of the Service and, in such event, You shall not be entitled to a refund of any unused subscription fees. Although we aim to verify the accuracy of the information provided by Our Members, We do not verify information in profiles, and We have no control over, do not guarantee, and are not responsible for the quality, truth, accuracy, legality or safety of Our Members.

TERM AND TERMINATION: This Agreement will remain in full force and effect while You use the Service and/or are a Member. You may terminate your membership at any time via the Websites or by sending Us written or email notice of termination. To learn how to terminate your membership, visit the Help section of the Websites. Either You or We may terminate your membership by removing your profile, at any time, for any reason, with or without explanation, effective upon sending written or email notice to the other party. Upon such termination by Us without cause, We shall refund, pro rata, any unused portion of any subscription payments that We have received from You. In the event that (a) You terminate your subscription or membership or (b) We determine, in our sole discretion, that You have violated this Agreement or our posted Privacy Statement, You shall not be entitled to, nor shall We be liable to You for, any refund of any unused portion of any subscription payments We have received from You, and We may continue to bar Your use of the Service in the future. Even after membership is terminated, this Agreement will remain in effect.

PROPRIETARY RIGHTS: You represent and warrant to Us that the information posted in Your profile, including Your photograph, is posted by You and that You are the exclusive author of Your profile and the exclusive owner of Your photographs. You assign to Us, with full title guarantee, all copyright in Your profile, Your photographs posted, and any additional information sent to Us at any time in connection with Your use of the Service. You waive absolutely any and all moral rights to be identified as author of Your profile and owner of Your photograph and any similar rights in any jurisdiction in the world. In addition, other Members may post copyrighted information, which has copyright protection, whether or not it is identified as copyrighted. Except for that information which is in the public domain or for which You have been given express written permission, You will not copy, modify, publish, transmit, distribute, perform, display, or sell any such proprietary information. By posting information, photographs or content on any Service, You automatically grant, and You represent and warrant that You have the right to grant, to Us and other members, free of charge, an irrevocable, perpetual, non-exclusive, royalty-free, fully-paid, worldwide license to use, copy, perform, display, promote, publish and distribute such information, content and photographs and to prepare derivative works of, or incorporate into other works, such information and content, and to grant and authorize sub-licenses of the foregoing.

YOUR USE OF THE SERVICE: As a Member, You agree that:

(1) You will use the Service in a manner consistent with any and all applicable laws and regulations. You will not include in Your profile any telephone numbers, street addresses, last names, URL's or email addresses, other than in response to Our prompts in the personal or general information sections of the Websites. You will not engage in advertising to, or solicitation of, other members to buy or sell any products or services through the Service. You will not transmit any chain letters or junk email to other members. To protect Our members against such conduct, depending on the Website you Subscribe to, We currently limit the number of messages that any subscriber may send in a day. You are solely responsible for Your interactions with other members. We reserve the right, but have no obligation, to monitor and/or mediate disputes between You and other members.

(2) You are solely responsible for the content or information You publish or display (hereinafter, "post") on the Service, or transmit to other members. You will not post on the Service, or transmit to other members or to Us or Our employees, any defamatory, inaccurate, abusive, obscene, profane, offensive, sexually oriented, threatening, harassing, racially offensive, or illegal material, or any material that infringes or violates another party's rights (including, but not limited to, intellectual property rights, and rights of privacy and publicity). You will not include in Your profile any offensive language, including but not limited to offensive anatomical or sexual references, or offensive sexually suggestive or connotative language, and You will not post any photos containing nudity or personal information. We reserve the right, but We have no obligation, to reject any profile or photo that does not comply with the prohibitions set forth in this section. We reserve the right to refuse service to anyone, at our sole discretion.

(3) By becoming a Member, You agree to accept and consent to receiving email communications initiated from Us or through Us including, without limitation: message notification emails, "Your Match" emails, emails informing you about events and parties We organize, emails informing You of changes to the Service and emails informing You of promotions that either We provide or that are being provided by third parties. If you choose to respond to promotions that are provided by third parties and in the course of doing so, disclose information to any external service providers, and/or grant them permission to collect information about you, then their use of your information is governed by their private policies. Message notification emails such as "Your Match" emails, emails informing you about events and parties We organize and emails informing You of changes to the Service are provided by Us as part of the operation of the Service and you will receive these messages for as long as you are Our member. Should You not wish to receive any of Our email communications, please do not register with Us for the Service. However, You may opt-out of receiving Email communications sent from Us or through Us offering You third party goods or services. To learn how to do so, visit the Help section of the Websites.

(4) You agree that We have no responsibility or liability for the deletion, corruption or failure to store any messages or other content maintained or transmitted by Our Service. You acknowledge that features, parameters or other services We provide may change at any time. You acknowledge that We reserve the right to sign out, terminate, delete or purge Your account from the Service if it is inactive. "Inactive" means that you have not signed in to the Service for a particular period of time, as determined by Us, in Our sole discretion.

(5) Our customer service employees are here to make your online experience enjoyable by providing assistance and guidance to You. When speaking to Our customer service employees on the telephone or communicating with them by any other means, You agree not to be abusive, obscene, profane, offensive, sexually oriented, threatening, harassing or racially offensive. Should any of Our customer service employees feel, at any point, threatened or offended by Your conduct, We reserve the right to immediately terminate Your membership and You shall not be entitled to the refund of any subscription payments We have received from You.

We are entitled to investigate and terminate Your membership if You have misused the Service, or behaved in a way which could be regarded as inappropriate, unlawful or illegal. The following is a partial, but not exhaustive, list of the types of actions that are illegal or prohibited under this Agreement:

You will not harass or impersonate any person or entity. You will not use any manual or automatic device or process to retrieve, index, data mine, or, in any way reproduce or circumvent the navigational structure or presentation of the Service or its contents. You will not express or imply that any of Your statements are endorsed by Us, without Our specific prior written consent. You will not interfere with or disrupt any Service or any Website, servers or networks connected to any Service or Website. You will not post, distribute or reproduce, in any way, any copyrighted material, trademarks, or other proprietary information without obtaining the prior written consent of the owner of such proprietary rights. You will not remove any copyright, trademark or other proprietary rights notices contained in the Service or forge headers or otherwise manipulate identifiers in order to disguise the origin of any information transmitted through the Service. You will not use meta tags or code or other devices containing any reference to Us or the Service or the Website connected to the Service in order to direct any person to any other website for any purpose. You will not modify, adapt, sublicense, translate, sell, reverse engineer, decipher, decompile or otherwise disassemble any portion of the Service or any software used on or for the Service or cause or enable others to do so. You will not post, email or otherwise transmit any material that contains software viruses or any other computer code, files or programs designed to interrupt, harm or limit the functionality of any computer software or hardware.

INDEMNITY BY MEMBER: You will defend, indemnify, and hold Us and Our officers, directors, employees, agents and third parties harmless, for any losses, costs, liabilities or expenses relating to or arising out of Your use of the Service, including:

(I) Your breach of this Agreement; (II) any allegation that any materials that You submit to Us or transmit to the Service infringe or otherwise violate the copyright, trademark, trade secret or other intellectual property or other rights of any third party; and/or (III) Your activities in connection with the Service. This indemnity shall be applicable without regard to the negligence of any party, including any indemnified person.

RELEASE: If You have a dispute with one or more of Our Members, you release Us (and our officers, directors, agents, subsidiaries, joint ventures and employees) from any claims, demands and damages (actual and consequential) of every kind and nature, known and unknown, arising out of or in any way connected with such dispute.

ONLINE CONTENT: Opinions, advice, statements, offers, or other information or content made available through the Service, but not directly by Us, are those of their respective authors, and should not necessarily be relied upon. Such authors are solely responsible for such content. WE DO NOT GUARANTEE THE ACCURACY, COMPLETENESS, OR USEFULNESS OF ANY INFORMATION ON THE SERVICE AND WE NEITHER ADOPT NOR ENDORSE, NOR ARE WE RESPONSIBLE FOR, THE ACCURACY OR RELIABILITY OF ANY OPINION, ADVICE, OR STATEMENT MADE BY ANY PARTY OTHER THAN US. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES ARE BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY LOSS OR DAMAGE RESULTING FROM ANY PERSON'S RELIANCE ON INFORMATION OR OTHER CONTENT POSTED ON THE SERVICE OR TRANSMITTED TO MEMBERS.

WE RESERVE THE RIGHT, BUT WE HAVE NO OBLIGATION, TO MONITOR THE MATERIALS POSTED IN THE PUBLIC AREAS OF THE SERVICE. WE SHALL HAVE THE RIGHT TO REMOVE ANY SUCH MATERIAL THAT, IN OUR SOLE DISCRETION, VIOLATES, OR IS ALLEGED TO VIOLATE, THE LAW OR THIS AGREEMENT. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS RIGHT, YOU REMAIN SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CONTENT OF THE MATERIALS YOU POST IN THE PUBLIC AREAS OF THE SERVICE AND IN YOUR PRIVATE EMAIL MESSAGES. EMAILS SENT BETWEEN YOU AND OTHER MEMBERS THAT ARE NOT READILY ACCESSIBLE TO THE GENERAL PUBLIC MAY BE REVIEWED BY US FOR COMPLIANCE WITH THIS AGREEMENT, BUT WILL BE TREATED BY US AS PRIVATE TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW.

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY. All intellectual property rights in and to the Service are and shall be owned by Us, absolutely. Those rights include, but are not limited to, database rights, copyright, design rights (whether registered or unregistered), patents, trademarks (whether registered or unregistered) and other similar rights, wherever existing in the world, together with the right to apply for protection of the same. All other trademarks, logos, service marks, company or product names set forth in the Service are the property of their respective owners.

PRIVACY: The personal information (including sensitive personal information) You provide to Us will be stored on computers and/or servers. You consent to the use this information to create a profile of interests, preferences and browsing patterns and to allow You to participate in the Service. You also agree to read, review, comply with, uphold and maintain Our Privacy Statement and the terms and conditions thereof. If you are located outside of the United States, please note that the information that you provide is being sent to the United States. By becoming a Member of the Service, you consent to your data being sent to the United States and to such other third parties and jurisdictions as may be involved in the provision and operation of the Service.

DISCLAIMERS: WE PROVIDE THE SERVICE ON AN "AS IS" BASIS AND GRANT NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EXPRESSED, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, IN ANY COMMUNICATION WITH OUR REPRESENTATIVES, OR US OR OTHERWISE WITH RESPECT TO THE SERVICE. WE SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. FURTHER, WE DO NOT WARRANT THAT YOUR USE OF THE SERVICE WILL BE SECURE, UNINTERRUPTED, ALWAYS AVAILABLE OR ERROR-FREE, OR THAT THE SERVICE WILL MEET YOUR REQUIREMENTS OR THAT ANY DEFECTS IN THE SERVICE WILL BE CORRECTED. WE DISCLAIM LIABILITY FOR, AND NO WARRANTY IS MADE WITH RESPECT TO, CONNECTIVITY AND AVAILABILITY.

Although each member must agree to Our terms and conditions, We cannot guarantee that each member is at least the required minimum age, nor do we accept responsibility or liability for any content, communication or other use or access of the Service by persons under the age of 18 in violation of this Agreement. Also, it is possible that other members or users (including unauthorized users, or "hackers") may post or transmit offensive or obscene materials through the Service and that You may be involuntarily exposed to such offensive or obscene materials. It also is possible for others to obtain personal information about You due to Your use of the Service. Those others may use your information for purposes other than what You intended. We are not responsible for the use of any personal information that You disclose on the Service. Please carefully select the type of information that You post on the Service or release to others. WE DISCLAIM ALL LIABILITY, REGARDLESS OF THE FORM OF ACTION, FOR THE ACTS OR OMISSIONS OF OTHER MEMBERS OR USERS (INCLUDING UNAUTHORIZED USERS), WHETHER SUCH ACTS OR OMISSIONS OCCUR DURING THE USE OF THE SERVICE OR OTHERWISE.

LIMITATION OF LIABILITY: IN NO EVENT WILL WE BE LIABLE TO YOU OR TO ANY OTHER PERSON FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INDIRECT DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF DATA, LOSS OF PROGRAMS, COST OF PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE SERVICES OR SERVICE INTERRUPTIONS) ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF OR INABILITY TO USE THE SERVICE, EVEN IF WE OR OUR AGENTS OR REPRESENTATIVES KNOW OR HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. NOTWITHSTANDING ANYTHING TO THE CONTRARY CONTAINED HEREIN, OUR LIABILITY TO YOU FOR ANY CAUSE WHATSOEVER, AND REGARDLESS OF THE FORM OF THE ACTION, WILL AT ALL TIMES BE LIMITED TO THE AMOUNT PAID, IF ANY, BY YOU TO US FOR THE SERVICE DURING THE TERM OF YOUR MEMBERSHIP. WE DO NOT CONDUCT BACKGROUND CHECKS OR OTHERWISE SCREEN MEMBERS REGISTERING TO THE SERVICE IN ANY WAY. WE WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES, DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL AND/OR CONSEQUENTIAL, INCLUDING BY NOT LIMITED TO PHYSICAL DAMAGES, BODILY INJURY OR EMOTIONAL DISTRESS, ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SERVICE, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF YOUR COMMUNICATIONS WITH AND/OR INTERACTIONS WITH ANY OTHER MEMBER OF THE SERVICE, OR ANY INDIVIDUAL YOU MEET VIA THE SERVICE. COMPLAINTS: To resolve a complaint regarding the Service, You should first contact Our customer service department by clicking: contact us or by calling 1-877-453-3861.

DISPUTE RESOLUTION: This Agreement is governed by the laws of the State of California without regard to its conflict of law provisions. You agree to personal jurisdiction by and exclusive venue in the state and federal courts of the State of California, City of Los Angeles with regard to any and all claims by you arising out of or related to the Websites. This Agreement shall not be governed by the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, the application of which is hereby expressly excluded.

WAIVER AND SEVERABILITY OF TERMS: Our failure to exercise or enforce any right or provision of this Agreement shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision. If any provision of this Agreement is found by a court of competent jurisdiction to be void, invalid or unenforceable, the parties nevertheless agree that the court should endeavor to give effect to the parties' intentions as reflected in the provision. In such case, the other provisions of this Agreement shall remain in full force and effect.

You certify that You have read and that You agree to be bound by the terms and conditions in this Agreement and our Privacy Policy.







Privacy Statement | Terms and Conditions of Service | Terms and Conditions of Purchase

Terms and Conditions of Purchase

All purchases are subject to the following terms and conditions:

Rates: The current rates offered by JDate.com are:

Initial TermInitial CostGuaranteed Monthly Renewal Rate*
6 Months$ 149.99$ 29.99
3 Months$ 99.99$ 33.99
1 Month$ 39.99$ 39.99

* The Guaranteed Monthly Renewal Rate is applicable only if you used a credit card and will kick in after the expiration of your initial Subscription Term. (see the Additional Terms and Conditions)

Additional terms and conditions:

  1. All purchases are final. No refund will be given for unused portions of your subscription period.
  2. JDate.com guarantees that mail sent by Purchaser will be processed by the JDate.com system and sent to the recipient's mailbox on the JDate.com system. Notwithstanding, JDate.com does not guarantee a response from the recipient nor does it make any other promises or warranties of any kind.
  3. Purchaser hereby agrees that subscription privileges are non-refundable in the event that Purchaser chooses to suspend or cancel his/her membership. Furthermore, no refund will be made in the event of termination of Purchaser's membership due to a violation of the Terms and Conditions of Service as outlined in there in. In that respect, Purchaser hereby agrees that offensive behavior towards other members or use of foul language in the chat room, emails to members or in Purchaser's profile will constitute sufficient grounds for such termination of Purchaser's membership by JDate.com.
  4. All disputes resulting from the purchase tokens, other emailing privileges or any other purchase made within the JDate.com website shall be brought to a binding arbitration in accordance with the rules of the Better Business Bureau and all such arbitration shall take place in Los Angeles, California.
  5. By submitting this purchase, Purchaser hereby acknowledges, agrees and authorizes JDate.com to renew Purchaser's subscription, automatically, every month, at the guaranteed renewal rate that applies to the purchase option chosen by Purchaser, until such time as Purchaser instructs JDate.com to stop the renewals. Renewals can be stopped by logging in as a member and clicking on "Member Services" or by going to: Cancel Subscription.